Wind Effects on Bridges & Structures

Wind engineering is a wide ranging multidisciplinary field concerned with the rational treatment of the interactions between wind in the atmospheric boundary layer and man and his works on the surface of earth¹ – or the effects of wind on the natural and built environment. The resources below address various related topics but all contribute to diminishing the catastrophic effects from wind damage, whether it is the failure of a building or structure or the interruption of lifelines and business.


American Association of Wind Engineering (AAWE)
Formerly the Wind Engineering Research Council (WERC), AAWE actively formulates plans to mitigate wind loss, reduce loss of life, and improve public safety and reduce disruption due to wind events. They offer information for designers/contractors and planners/regulators, general wind information, membership, and participation with a Wind Hazard Mitigation Discussion group.
Applied Technology Council (ATC)
ATC provides a series of wind and flood hazard mitigation reports considered essential tools for design professionals and building regulatory personnel. Titles include: Wind Design Guidance, Procedures for Safety Evaluation of Buildings After Wind Storms and Floods, ATC-45 Field Manual: Safety Evaluation of Buildings After Windstorms and Floods, SEAW Commentary on Wind Code Provisions (SEAW/ATC-60 Report), and SEAW Handbook of a Rapid-Solutions Methodology for Wind Design (SEAW RSM-03 Report)
Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel Laboratory (BLWTL), University of Western Ontario & the Alan G. Davenport Wind Engineering Group
The BLWTL has played a leading role in developing innovative wind engineering solutions to complex problems since its inception in 1965. Their research focuses on wind loads and responses of structures, forces on building components, environmental problems, full-scale monitoring of wind response, wind climate studies, offshore structures, computational fluid dynamics, damping of structures and other design challenges.
Building Aerodynamics Laboratory (BAL), Concordia University
The BAL houses a large atmospheric boundary-layer wind tunnel to study wind-building interaction. By using advanced measurement equipment and numerical simulation, research is conducted on wind loads and the building envelope, computer-aided wind engineering, computational wind engineering, air pollution, air infiltration through building envelope urban microclimate, and wind tunnel measurement techniques and flow visualization.
Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitats
Sponsored by architects, engineers and planning and construction professionals, the Council is the source for information on tall buildings worldwide, focusing on their role in the urban environment taking into consideration technological factors, as well as social and cultural aspects. Of note is the High-Rise Buildings Database, which contains important data on thousands of tall buildings throughout the world.
Global Center of Excellence on Education and Research in Wind Engineering, Tokyo Polytechnic University
Their selected proposal was titled, Wind Effects on Buildings and Urban Environment, and is intended to promote the research and education related to Wind-resistant design, Natural cross ventilation and Wind environment/air pollution globally from 2008 to 2012.
International Association of Wind Engineering (IAWE)
IAWE's broad mission is to promote international cooperation among scientists, engineers and other professionals for advancement of knowledge in the field of wind engineering. More specifically, the IAWE addresses these relevant topics, among others: wind structure, wind loads on buildings and structures, wind actions and effects on long-span bridges, wind actions and effects on tall buildings, wind actions and effects on wind-sensitive structures, reliability and risk under wind loading, vulnerability of structures under wind loads and wind codes and standards.
LSU Hurricane Center
The Center addresses hurricanes and their impacts on the natural, built and human environments by contributing to interdisciplinary and collaborative research, knowledge and technology transfer, and assisting in solving hurricane-related problems.
NatHaz (Natural Hazards) Modeling Laboratory, University of Notre Dame
The NatHaz lab quantifies load effects caused by various natural hazards on structures and develops strategies to mitigate and manage these effects. This facility is operated in tandem with the Atmospheric Wind Tunnel at the Hessert Center for Aerospace Research. Other facilities available to the laboratory include a high-bay structural testing laboratory for large-scale testing and Dynamics and Sensors Laboratory.
National Institute of Standards (NIST) - Extreme Winds and Wind Effects on Structures
This site includes material on extreme wind speeds and the effects induced by extreme winds on buildings. It also contains links to data sets, software, and publications, as well as instructions for users and numerical examples.
UK Wind Engineering Society (WES)
The scope of WES includes the following fields of study: the structure of boundary layer winds; classification, identification and description of different types of severe storms; wind loads on buildings and structure; wind effects in urban areas including building climatology; transportation, entrainment and deposition of pollutants and particulate matter; full scale measurements; physical and numerical modeling methods; wind energy; vehicle aerodynamics, including train and ship stability problems; tunnel airflow problems; ventilation of buildings and other enclosed or partially open spaces; special problems related to agricultural airflows, soil erosion and wind induced noise; hazard analysis; transportation accidents in windy conditions; wind shelter and wind chill.
Wind Science & Engineering Research (WISE) Center, Texas Tech University
Focused on research, education and information outreach, the WISE Center conducts research on mitigating the detrimental effects of wind, offers an interdisciplinary degree program of wind science and engineering, and develops information on windstorm disaster mitigation and other wind-related subjects.
Wind Engineering and Fluids Laboratory (WEFL), Colorado State University
A center focused on fundamental and applied research in wind engineering and fluid dynamics, it was formerly the Fluid Dynamics and Fusion Laboratory. Wind effects on buildings and structures is one applied investigative topic at WEFL.


Design of Buildings and Bridges for Wind: A Practical Guide for ASCE-7 Standard Users and Designers of Special Structures (2006) Emil Simiu and Toshio Miyata
Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering (EJSE)
Special Issue - Loading on Structures 2007


International Conferences on Wind Engineering (ICWE)
U.S. National Conferences on Wind Engineering