New Publications: Earthquake Engineering & Disaster Mitigation

Committee on a Conceptual Framework for New K-12 Science Education Standards. (2012). Framework for K-12 science education: practices, crosscutting concepts, and core ideas. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. 385 pages. $39.95. Available from: The National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC, 20055 (tel: 800-624-6242; fax: 202-334-2451; Email: customer_service@nap.edu; Web site: www.nap.edu).

This monograph outlines a broad set of expectations for K-12 students in science and engineering. These expectations will inform the development of new standards for K-12 science education and, subsequently, revisions to curriculum, instruction, assessment, and professional development for educators. This book identifies three dimensions that convey the core ideas and practices around which science and engineering education in these grades should be built. These three dimensions are crosscutting concepts that unify the study of science through their common application across science and engineering; scientific and engineering practices; and disciplinary core ideas in the physical sciences, life sciences, and earth and space sciences and for engineering, technology, and the applications of science. The overarching goal is for all high school graduates to have sufficient knowledge of science and engineering to engage in public discussions on science-related issues, be careful consumers of scientific and technical information, and enter the careers of their choice.

Edge, B. & Ewing, L. (Eds.). (2013). Hurricane Ike field investigation: a report of field observations on October 3-6, 2008. Reston, VA: ASCE. 978-0-7844-1120-9. 125 pages. $52.50 Members / $70.00 Non-Members. American Society of Civil Engineers, Book Orders, PO Box 79404, Baltimore, MD 21279-0404 (tel: 800-548-2723; fax: 703-295-6211; Email: pubsful@asce.org; Web site: www.pubs.asce.org).

After a general introduction to the area, its geology, historical storm events and rehabilitation, and coastal processes, the book describes Hurricane Ike, including water levels, storm surge measurements, and comparisons with other storms. It portrays the physical impacts of the storm, such as geomorphic changes, erosion rates, shoreline position, and impact of winds on engineered structures. Damage to and survival of shoreline structures - piers, seawalls, geotextile tubes, groins, and inlet jetties - are discussed. Subsequent chapters address structural damage to buildings, lifelines and infrastructure, and marinas from wind, flooding, waves, and erosion. Finally, the book raises policy issues and summarizes lessons learned.

Hill, D., Bowman, M.J., & Khinda, J.S. (Eds.). (2013). Storm surge barriers to protect New York City against the deluge. Reston, VA: ASCE. 978-0-7844-1252-7. 259 pages. $60.00 Members / $80.00 Non-Members. American Society of Civil Engineers, Book Orders, PO Box 79404, Baltimore, MD 21279-0404 (tel: 800-548-2723; fax: 703-295-6211; Email: pubsful@asce.org; Web site: www.pubs.asce.org).

This report contains 16 papers from the Against the Deluge: Storm Surge Barriers to Protect New York City conference, held in Brooklyn, New York, March 30-31, 2009. These papers explore the development of storm surge barriers to protect New York City and nearby New Jersey from the effects of a future deluge. Although the main focus is mitigating the effects of a hurricane, rising sea levels may require protection for the city from what are now minor surges. These papers form a foundation for the scientific and engineering research necessary to evaluate the barrier concept and explore options for its design and execution.

Huang, W., Wang, K-H, & Chen, Q.J. (Eds.). (2013). Coastal hazards. Reston, VA: ASCE. 978-0-7844-1266-4. 176 pages. $59.25 Members / $70.00 Non-Members. American Society of Civil Engineers, Book Orders, PO Box 79404, Baltimore, MD 21279-0404 (tel: 800-548-2723; fax: 703-295-6211; Email:pubsful@asce.org; Web site: www.pubs.asce.org ).

This collection contains 16 peer-reviewed papers selected from presentations at the ASCE Engineering Mechanics Conference, held in Los Angeles, California, August 8-11, 2010. Intensive development in the coastal zone has placed more people and property at risk. This proceedings examines the challenge of assessing and modeling coastal hazards and the application of these techniques to mitigating coastal threats. Practical and advanced research methodologies and technologies are introduced, including field measurements, laboratory analysis, and integrated numerical modeling. Topics include: wave forces in tsunamis; hurricane winds, storm surge, and wave-structure interaction assessment and modeling; trajectory simulation of oil and other pollutant spills; evaluation of river inflow and estuarine and coastal salinity; and coastal flooding and erosion.

Lee, C.H. & Grigoriu, M.D. (2012). Bayesian fragility for nonstructural systems. MCEER-12-0006. Buffalo, NY: MCEER. 64 pages. $25.00. Available from: MCEER, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, 133A Ketter Hall, Buffalo, New York, 14261-4300 (tel: 716-645-3391; fax: 716-645-3733; Email: mceer@buffalo.edu; Web site: www.mceer.buffalo.edu).

A method is developed for calculating the fragility of a nonstructural system supported by a structure subjected to earthquakes. The nonstructural system consists of a collection of nominally identical components. The input to these components depends on properties of the supporting structure and of site seismicity. It is assumed that (1) the seismic load can be described by 22 ground acceleration records, and (2) the components of nonstructural systems have uncertain properties. A Bayesian framework is developed for fragility analysis. The document provides a manual clarifying the use of the MATLAB code for the developed Bayesian fragility computation. A two-story perimeter concrete steel moment resisting frame (SMRF) is used to illustrate the use of the code.

Munchener Ruckversicherungs-Gessellschaft (2013). Topics geo. Natural catastrophes 2012: analyses, assessments, positions. Munich, Germany: Munchener Ruckversicherungs-Gessellschaft. 60 pages. Available from: Munchener Ruckversicherungs-Gessellschaft, Koeniginstrasse 107, 80802 Munich, Germany (tel: 49-0-89-3891; fax: 49-0-89-3981-5696; Email: pubsful@asce.org; Web site: www.pubs.asce.org).

Overall, the natural catastrophe statistics for 2012 were largely dominated by atmospheric events, with no catastrophic earthquakes. Due to a number of major weather-related catastrophes, including severe tornado outbreaks in the spring and a record drought in the US Midwest, the USA accounted for an exceptionally high proportion of natural catastrophes. However, Russia also experienced unusually hot, dry conditions, and vast tracts of land were devastated by wildfires. There has been a clear upward trend in natural catastrophe losses for some decades now. This publication examines the extent to which this is due to population growth, increased prosperity, and other socio-economic factors and the extent to which it is attributable to an increase in the frequency and intensity of natural hazard events.

Surampalli, R.Y., Zhang, T.C., & Ojha, C.S.P, et al. (Eds.). (2013). Climate change, modeling, mitigation, and adaptation. Reston, VA: ASCE. 978-0-7844-1271-8. 708 pages. $127.50 Members / $170.00 Non-Members. American Society of Civil Engineers, Book Orders, PO Box 79404, Baltimore, MD 21279-0404 (tel: 800-548-2723; fax: 703-295-6211; Email: pubsful@asce.org; Web site: www.pubs.asce.org).

This monograph presents the most current thinking on the environmental mechanisms that contribute to global climate change and explores scientifically grounded steps to reduce the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Written by leading experts from around the world, these 25 invited chapters provide comprehensive information about the emission of greenhouse gases and climate change. Chapters examine the issues from three standpoints: basic science and vulnerability assessment; modeling and prediction; and reducing or adapting to the negative impacts on humankind and the ecosystem. Topics include: role of greenhouse gas emissions on our ecosystems, impact of greenhouse gas emissions on climate change, temperature and precipitation trends influenced by climate change, modeling tools to diagnose climate change and identify uncertainty in climate change modeling, and strategies to mitigate climate change effects.

Syngellakis, S. (2013). Retrofitting of heritage structures: Design and evaluation of strengthening techniques. Southampton, UK: WIT Press. 978-1-84564-754-4. 187 pages. $186.00. Computational Mechanics, Inc., 25 Bridge Street, Billerica, MA 01821; Email:marketingUSA@witpress.com; Web site: www.witpress.com).

Retrofitted structural forms covered in the book vary widely from age-old places of worship, such as churches, mosques and temples, as well as castles and palaces to more modern, distinguished private residences or public buildings, some of them designed by well-known architects. Their methods of construction range from traditional, such as stone or brick masonry to more recent textile block systems and even reinforced concrete frameworks. Reference is made to detailed visual inspections of damaged structure providing valuable insight into possible causes of failure; such inspections are usually combined with material characterization that is an essential input to numerical modeling for assessing the behavior of the structure before and after retrofitting. The book describes strengthening techniques for masonry walls including re-pointing, injection grouting and the use of steel ties. The use of reinforced concrete is proposed in the form of cast-in-place walls, jackets or tie-beams; that of carbon fiber reinforced laminates for strengthening walls and slabs. Innovative use of materials, such as shape memory alloys, self-compacting concrete or thin lead layers is also suggested. Particular attention is given to methods for moderating the consequences of destructive earthquakes.

Task Committee on Anchorage Design. (2013). Anchorage design for petrochemical facilities. Reston, VA: ASCE. 978-0-7844-1258-9. 164 pages. $67.50 Members / $90.00 Non-Members. American Society of Civil Engineers, Book Orders, PO Box 79404, Baltimore, MD 21279-0404 (tel: 800-548-2723; fax: 703-295-6211; Email: pubsful@asce.org; Web site: www.pubs.asce.org).

This technical report presents recommendations for the design, fabrication, and installation of anchorages into concrete for petrochemical facilities. Interpreting the intent of building codes as applied to petroleum or chemical installations, this report offers realistic guidance on materials, design details, installation, and repair. It summarizes the state of the practice for the design of cast-in-place anchor rods, welded anchors, and post-installed anchors. An appendix provides three example designs for column pedestal anchors, octagonal pedestal anchors, and shear lug pipe sections. Topics include: overview of design methods for tension and shear transfer with reinforcement and other embedments as used in the petrochemical industry, anchorage materials and properties, cast-in-place anchors, post-installed anchors, and recommended installation and repair.

Wieser, J.D., Pekcan, G., Zaghi, A. et. al. (2012). Assessment of floor accelerations in yielding buildings. MCEER-12-0008. Buffalo, NY: MCEER. 246 pages. $35.00. Available from: MCEER, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, 133A Ketter Hall, Buffalo, New York, 14261-4300 (tel: 716-645-3391; fax: 716-645-3733; Email: mceer@buffalo.edu; Web site: www.mceer.buffalo.edu).

The present study uses the OpenSees finite element framework to develop full three-dimensional models of four steel moment frame buildings. The incremental dynamic analysis method is employed to evaluate the floor response of inelastic steel moment frame buildings subjected to all three components of a suite of 21 ground motions. To better understand the acceleration demands on nonstructural components, this study focuses on the influence of structural period, level of ductility, of the structure, and relative height in the building on the horizontal and vertical floor acceleration response. As a result of this study, a more realistic formulation of the peak floor acceleration response accounting for the effect of structural period and ductility is proposed and may be used to improve current code estimations is proposed. In addition, a direct method for developing an envelope horizontal floor response spectrum is developed.

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