**F=CV****n
**

**
**

**where
**

**
**

**F = Force in Pounds
**

**C =
Damping coefficient, a constant that is specific for each damper
**

**V =
Velocity in inches per second
**

**n = Damping exponent, a constant that is specific for
each damper
**

**
**

**n
can be set to any value from .3 to 1.95. In general, the lower this ****value, the greater the energy dissipation per cycle
for a given ****maximum
stress in the structure. n = 1 is
easiest to analyze. A value ****of n = .4 for the San Bernardino Medical Center
resulted in 13% fewer ****dampers
than using n = 1.**