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Intelligent and Protective Systems

Publications on intelligent and protective systems describe the design, development, test and application of a variety of novel methods/devices to prevent vibration-induced damage to infrastructure.

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Simplified Seismic Collapse Capacity-Based Evaluation and Design of Frame Buildings with and without Supplemental Damping Systems

Mohammadjavad Hamidia, Andre Filiatrault and Amjad Aref; MCEER-14-0001; 5/19/2014; 282 pages;


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Shake Table Testing of Triple Friction Pendulum Isolators under Extreme Conditions

A.A. Sarlis, M.C. Constantinou and A.M. Reinhorn; MCEER-13-0011; 7/2/2013; 450 pages;


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Negative Stiffness Device for Seismic Protection of Structures

A.A. Sarlis, D.T.R. Pasala, M.C. Constantinou, A.M. Reinhorn, S. Nagarajaiah and D.P. Taylor; MCEER-13-0005; 6/12/2013; 238 pages; To learn more about the NEESR Adaptive Structures Project, click here.


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Seismic Response Control of Structures Using a Novel Adaptive Passive Negative Stiffness Device

D.T.R. Pasala, A.A. Sarlis, S. Nagarajaiah, A.M. Reinhorn, M.C. Constantinou and D.P. Taylor; MCEER-13-0004; 6/10/2013; 172 pages; To learn more about the NEESR Adaptive Structures Project, click here.


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Seismic Response of Base Isolated Buildings Considering Pounding to Moat Walls

A. Masroor and G. Mosqueda; MCEER-13-0003; 2/26/2013; 284 pages;


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Characterizing the Rotational Components of Earthquake Ground Motion

D. Basu, A.S. Whittaker and M.C. Constantinou; MCEER-12-0005; 6/15/2012; 378 pages; The Matlab codes for AGM, SDM and SSP can be downloaded from here.


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Integrated Design Methodology for Isolated Floor Systems in Single-Degree-of-Freedom Structural Fuse Systems

S. Cui, M. Bruneau and M.C. Constantinou; MCEER-12-0004; 6/13/2012; 478 pages;


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Seismic Protection of Electrical Transformer Bushing Systems by Stiffening Techniques

M. Koliou, A. Filiatrault, A.M. Reinhorn and N. Oliveto; MCEER-12-0002; 6/1/2012; 230 pages; To learn more about MCEER's electrical utility consortium, click here.


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Modeling and Seismic Performance Evaluation of High Voltage Transformers and Bushings

A.M. Reinhorn, K. Oikonomou, H. Roh, A. Schiff and L. Kempner, Jr.; MCEER-11-0006; 10/3/2011; 238 pages; To learn more about MCEER's electrical utility consortium, click here.


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LRFD-Based Analysis and Design Procedures for Bridge Bearings and Seismic Isolators

M.C. Constantinou, I. Kalpakidis, A. Filiatrault and R.A. Ecker Lay; MCEER-11-0004; 9/26/2011; 270 pages;


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Proceedings of the Workshop on Improving Earthquake Response of Substation Equipment

Edited by A. Reinhorn; MCEER-11-0003; 9/19/2011; 160 pages; To learn more about MCEER's electrical utility consortium, click here.


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Effects of Heating and Load History on the Behavior of Lead-Rubber Bearings

I.V. Kalpakidis and M.C. Constantinou; MCEER-08-0027; 12/1/2008; 290 pages;


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Performance Assessment of Conventional and Base-Isolated Nuclear Power Plants for Earthquake and Blast Loadings

Y.N. Huang, A.S. Whittaker and N. Luco; MCEER-08-0019; 10/28/2008; 396 pages;


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Development, Implementation and Verification of Dynamic Analysis Models for Multi-Spherical Sliding Bearings

D.M. Fenz and M.C. Constantinou; MCEER-08-0018; 8/15/2008; 304 pages;


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Numerical and Experimental Studies of Self-Centering Post-Tensioned Steel Frames

D. Wang and A. Filiatrault; MCEER-08-0017; 5/12/2008; 432 pages;


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Mechanical Behavior of Multi-Spherical Sliding Bearings

D.M. Fenz and M.C. Constantinou; MCEER-08-0007; 3/6/2008; 182 pages;


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Performance Estimates for Seismically Isolated Bridges

G.P. Warn and A.S. Whittaker; MCEER-07-0024; 12/30/2007; 334 pages;


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Principles and Performance of Roller Seismic Isolation Bearings for Highway Bridges

G.C. Lee, Y.C. Ou, Z. Liang, T.C. Niu and J.W. Song; MCEER-07-0019; 12/10/2007; 182 pages;


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Performance of Seismic Isolation Hardware Under Service and Seismic Loading

M.C. Constantinou, A.S. Whittaker, Y.Kalpakidis, D.M. Fenz and G.P. Warn; MCEER-07-0012; 8/27/2007; 468 pages;


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Experimental and Analytical Study of the XY-Friction Pendulum (XY-FP) Bearing for Bridge Applications

C.C. Marin-Artieda, A.S. Whittaker and M.C. Constantinou; MCEER-07-0009; 6/7/2007; 280 pages;


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Seismic Isolation of Highway Bridges

I.G. Buckle, M. Constantinou, M. Dicleli and H. Ghasemi; MCEER-06-SP07; 8/21/2006; 190 pages; A summary of this report is provided.


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Conceptual Design and Experimental Investigation of Polymer Matrix Composite Infill Panels for Seismic Retrofitting

W. Jung, M. Chiewanichakorn and A.J. Aref; MCEER-06-0010; 9/21/2006; 350 pages;


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3D-BASIS-ME-MB: Computer Program for Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Seismically Isolated Structures

P.C. Tsopelas, P.C. Roussis, M.C. Constantinou, R. Buchanan and A.M. Reinhorn; MCEER-05-0009; 10/3/2005; 210 pages;


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Experimental and Analytical Studies of Base Isolation Systems for Seismic Protection of Power Transformers

N. Murota, M.Q. Feng and Y-L. Gee; MCEER-05-0008; 9/30/2005; 244 pages;


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Experimental and Analytical Studies of Structures Seismically Isolated with an Uplift-Restraint Isolation System

P.C. Roussis and M.C. Constantinou; MCEER-05-0001; 1/10/2005; 160 pages; The appendices from this report can be downloaded from here. These include pushover analysis, experimental results, and various comparisons of analytical and experimental results.


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Seismic Retrofit of Bridge Steel Truss Piers Using a Controlled Rocking Approach

M. Pollino and M. Bruneau; MCEER-04-0011; 12/20/2004; 246 pages;


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Scissor-Jack-Damper Energy Dissipation System

A.N. Sigaher-Boyle and M.C. Constantinou; MCEER-04-0010; 12/1/2004; 260 pages;


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Experimental Study of Seismic Isolation Systems with Emphasis on Secondary System Response and Verification of Accuracy of Dynamic Response History Analysis Methods

E.D. Wolff, M.C. Constantinou; MCEER-04-0001; 1/16/2004; 158 pages; The experimental results, sample input files, and analytical vs. experimental response from SAP2000 and 3D-BASIS-ME can be downloaded from here.


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Development and Evaluation of Simplified Procedures for Analysis and Design of Buildings with Passive Energy Dissipation Systems - Revision 01

O.M.Ramirez, M.C.Constantinou, C.A.Kircher, A.S.Whittaker, M.W.Johnson, J.D.Gomez and C.Z. Chrysostomou; MCEER-00-0010; 11/16/2001; 510 pages;


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Sliding Fragility of Unrestrained Equipment in Critical Facilities

W.H. Chong, T.T. Soong; MCEER-00-0005; 6/28/2000; 140 pages;


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Design and Retrofit Methodology for Building Structures with Supplemental Energy Dissipating Systems

G.Pekcan, J.B. Mander, S.S. Chen; MCEER-99-0021; 12/31/1999; 196 pages;


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Property Modification Factors for Seismic Isolation Bearings

M.Constantinou, P.Tsopelas, A.Kasalanati, E.Wolff; MCEER-99-0012; 7/20/1999; 204 pages;


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Experimental Study of Bridge Elastomeric and Other Isolation and Energy Dissipation Systems with Emphasis on Uplift Prevention and High Velocity Near-Source Seismic Excitation

A. Kasalanati and M.C. Constantinou; MCEER-99-0004; 2/26/1999; 238 pages; The experimental results from each of the systems tested can be downloaded from here.


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Response History Analysis of Structures with Seismic Isolation and Energy Dissipation Systems: Verification Examples for Program SAP2000

J. Scheller, M.C. Constantinou; MCEER-99-0002; 2/22/1999; 128 pages; The input files for the programs used, the history of the seismic excitation and the experimental results can be downloaded from here.


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Passive Energy Dissipation Systems for Structural Design and Retrofit

M.C.Constantinou, T.T.Soong, G.F.Dargush; MCEER-98-MN01; 7/31/1998; 320 pages;


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Proceedings of the U.S.-Italy Workshop on Seismic Protective Systems for Bridges

Edited by I.M. Friedland, M.C.Constantinou; MCEER-98-0015; 11/3/1998; 474 pages;


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Response Modification Factors for Seismically Isolated Bridges

M.C. Constantinou, J.K. Quarshie; MCEER-98-0014; 11/3/1998; 268 pages;


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Evaluation of Simplified Methods of Analysis for Yielding Structures

P. Tsopelas, M.C. Constantinou, C.A. Kircher and A.S. Whittaker; NCEER-97-0012; 10/31/1997; 190 pages;


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Investigation of Seismic Response of Buildings with Linear and Nonlinear Fluid Viscous Dampers

A.A. Seleemah and M.C. Constantinou; NCEER-97-0004; 5/21/1997; 302 pages;


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Nonlinear Control Techniques for Dynamical systems with Uncertain Parameters

R. Ghanem and M. Bujakov; NCEER-96-0007; 5/27/1996; 152 pages;


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Retofit of Non-Ductile Reinforced Concrete Frames Using Friction Dampers

R.S.Rao, P.Gergely, R.N.White; NCEER-95-0020; 12/22/1995; 190 pages;


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Optimal Polynomial Control for Linear and Nonlinear Structures

A.K. Agrawal and J.N. Yang; NCEER-95-0019; 12/11/1995; 112 pages;


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Real-Time Structural Parameter Modification (RSPM): Development of Innervated Structures

Z.Liang, M.Tong, G.C.Lee; NCEER-95-0012; 4/11/1995; 114 pages;


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Nonlinear Control Algorithms for Peak Response Reduction

Z.Wu, T.Soong, V.Gattulli, R.C.Lin; NCEER-95-0004; 2/16/1995; 96 pages;


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Experimental Verification of Acceleration Feedback Control Strategies for an Active Tendon System

S.J.Dyke, B.F.Spencer, P.Quast, M.K.Sain, D.C.Kaspari, T.T.Soong; NCEER-94-0024; 8/29/1994; 104 pages;


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Study of Seismic Isolation Systems for Computer Floors

V.Lambrou, M.C.Constantinou; NCEER-94-0020; 7/19/1994; 216 pages;


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3D-BASIS-TABS Version 2.0: Computer Program for Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Three Dimensional Base Isolated Structures

A.M. Reinhorn, S. Nagarajaiah, M.C. Constantinou, P. Tsopelas and R. Li; NCEER-94-0018; 6/22/1994; 168 pages;


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Sliding Mode Control for Seismic-Excited Linear and Nonlinear Civil Engineering Structures

J.N.Yang, J.C.Wu, A.K.Agrawal, Z.Li; NCEER-94-0017; 6/21/1994; 112 pages;


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Seismic Performance of High-Rise Building Frames with Added Energy-Absorbing Devices

W.S.Pong, C.S.Tsai, G.C.Lee; NCEER-94-0016; 6/20/1994; 224 pages;


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Proceedings of the Third U.S.-Japan Workshop on Earthquake Protective Systems for Bridges

Edited by I. Buckle and I.Friedland; NCEER-94-0009; 3/31/1994; 604 pages;


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Seismic Isolation of Multi-Story Frame Structures Using Spherical Sliding Isolation Systems

T.M.Al-Hussaini, V.A.Zayas, M.C.Constantinou; NCEER-94-0007; 3/17/1994; 180 pages;


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3D-BASIS-TABS: Computer Program for Nonlinear dynamic Analysis of Three Dimensional Base Isolated Structures

S.Nagarajaiah, C.Li, A.M.Reinhorn, M.C.Constantinou; NCEER-93-0011; 8/2/1993; 192 pages;


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Seismic Behavior and Design Guidelines for Steel Frame Structures with Added Viscoelastic Dampers

K.C.Chang, M.L.Lai, T.T.Soong, D.S.Hao, Y.C.Yeh; NCEER-93-0009; 5/1/1993; 134 pages;


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Inelastic Response of Reinforced Concrete Structures with Viscoelastic Braces

R.F.Lobo, J.M.Bracci, K.L.Shen, A.M.Reinhorn, T.T.Soong; NCEER-93-0006; 4/5/1993; 110 pages;


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Evaluation of Static and Response Spectrum Analysis Procedures of SEAOC/UBC for Seismic Isolated Structures

C.W. Winters and M.C. Constantinou; NCEER-93-0004; 3/23/1993; 210 pages;


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Active Bracing System: A Full Scale Implementation of Active Control

A.M. Reinhorn, T.T. Soong, R.C. Lin, M.A. Riley, Y.P. Wang, S. Aizawa and M. Higashino; NCEER-92-0020; 8/14/1992; 120 pages;


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Shape Memory Structural Dampers: Material Properties, Design and Seismic Testing

P.R.Witting, F.A.Cozzarelli; NCEER-92-0013; 5/26/1992; 96 pages;


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Study of Wire Rope Systems for Seismic Protection of Equipment in Buildings

G.F.Demetriades, M.C.Constantinou, A.M.Reinhorn; NCEER-92-0012; 5/20/1992; 164 pages;


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Experimental and Theoretical Study of a Sliding Isolation System for Bridges

M.C.Constantinou, A.Kartoum, A.M.Reinhorn, P.Bradford; NCEER-91-0027; 11/15/1991; 228 pages;


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Hybrid Control of Seismic-Excited Nonlinear and Inelastic Structural Systems

J.N.Yang, Z.Li, A.Danielians; NCEER-91-0020; 8/1/1991; 136 pages;


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Evaluation of SEAOC Design Requirements for Sliding Isolated Structures

D.Theodossiou, M.C.Constantinou; NCEER-91-0015; 6/10/1991; 256 pages;


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3D-BASIS-M: Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Multiple Building Base Isolated Structures

P.Tsopelas, S.Nagarajaiah, M.C.Constantinou, A.M.Reinhorn; NCEER-91-0014; 5/28/1991; 208 pages;


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Seismic Response of a 2/5 Scale Steel Structure with Added Viscoelastic Dampers

K.Chang, T.T.Soong, S-T.Oh, M.L.Lai; NCEER-91-0012; 5/17/1991; 84 pages;


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A Multidimensional Hysteretic Model for Plastically Deforming Metals in Energy Absorbing Devices

E.J.Graesser, F.A.Cozzarelli; NCEER-91-0006; 4/9/1991; 76 pages;


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Viscous Dampers: Testing, Modeling and Application in Vibration and Seismic Isolation

N.Makris, M.C.Constantinou; NCEER-90-0028; 12/20/1990; 124 pages;


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Experimental Study and Analytical Prediction of Earthquake Response of a Sliding Isolation System with a Spherical Surface

A.S. Mokha, M.C. Constantinou and A.M. Reinhorn; NCEER-90-0020; 10/11/1990; 112 pages;


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Experimental and Analytical Study of a Combined Sliding Disc Bearing and Helical Steel Spring Isolation System

M.C.Constantinou, A.S.Mokha, A.M.Reinhorn; NCEER-90-0019; 10/4/1990; 126 pages;


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Instantaneous Optimal Control with Acceleration and Velocity Feedback

J.N.Yang, Z.Li; NCEER-90-0016; 6/29/1990; 52 pages;


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Two Hybrid Control Systems for Building Structures Under Strong Earthquakes

J.N.Yang, A.Danielians; NCEER-90-0015; 6/29/1990; 76 pages;


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Secondary Systems in Base-Isolated Structures: Experimental Investigation, Stochastic Response and Stochastic Sensitivity

G.D.Manolis, G.Juhn, M.C.Constantinou, A.M.Reinhorn; NCEER-90-0013; 7/1/1990; 200 pages;


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Active Isolation for Seismic Protection of Operating Rooms

M.E.Talbott (Supervised by M.Shinozuka); NCEER-90-0010; 6/8/1990; 88 pages;


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1:4 Scale Model Studies of Active Tendon Systems and Active Mass Dampers for Aseismic Protection

A.M. Reinhorn, T.T. Soong, R.C. Lin, Y.P. Wang, Y. Fukao, H. Abe and M. Nakai; NCEER-89-0026; 11/22/1989; 220 pages;


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Structural Control Considering Time-Rate of Control Forces and Control Rate Constraints

F.Y.Cheng, C.P.Pantelides; NCEER-89-0020; 8/3/1989; 62 pages;


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Teflon Bearings in Aseismic Base Isolation: Experimental Studies and Mathematical Modeling

A. Mokha, M.C. Constantinou and A.M. Reinhorn; NCEER-88-0038; 12/5/1988; 296 pages;


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Optimal Placement of Actuators for Structural Control

F.Y. Cheng, C.P. Pantelides; NCEER-88-0037; 8/15/1988; 82 pages;


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Experimental Study of Active Control of MDOF Structures Under Seismic Excitation

L.L. Chung, R.C. Lin, T.T. Soong, A.M. Reinhorn; NCEER-88-0025; 7/10/1988; 72 pages;


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A Response Spectrum Approach for Analysis of Nonclassically Damped Structures

J.N. Yang, S. Sarkani, F.X. Long; NCEER-88-0020; 4/22/1988; 72 pages;


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Experimental Investigation of Primary-Secondary System Interaction

G.D. Manolis, G. Juhn, A.M. Reinhorn; NCEER-88-0019; 5/27/1988; 62 pages;


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An Experimental Study of Seismic Structural Response With Added Viscoelastic Dampers

R.C. Lin, Z. Liang, T.T. Soong, R.H. Zhang; NCEER-88-0018; 6/30/1988; 82 pages;


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Combining Structural Optimization and Structural Control

F.Y. Cheng, C.P. Pantelides; NCEER-88-0006; 1/10/1988; 82 pages;


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Optimal Control of Nonlinear Flexible Structures

J.N. Yang, F.X. Long and D. Wong; NCEER-88-0002; 1/22/1988; 110 pages;


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Active Structural Control in Civil Engineering

T.T. Soong; NCEER-87-0023; 11/11/1987; 44 pages;


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Modal Analysis of Nonclassically Damped Structural Systems Using Canonical Transformation

J.N. Yang, S. Sarkani and F.X. Long; NCEER-87-0019; 9/27/1987; 78 pages;


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Instantaneous Optimal Control Laws for Tall Buildings Under Seismic Excitations

J.N. Yang, A. Akbarpour and P. Ghaemmaghami; NCEER-87-0007; 6/10/1987; 106 pages;


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Experimental Evaluation of Instantaneous Optimal Algorithms for Structural Control

R.C. Lin, T.T. Soong and A.M. Reinhorn; NCEER-87-0002; 4/20/1987; 68 pages;