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Fundamentals of System Identification in Structural Dynamics

H.Imai, C-B.Yun, O.Maruyama, M.Shinozuka

NCEER-89-0008 | 1/26/1989 | 68 pages

About the Report:

TOC: The table of contents is provided.

Keywords: Earthquake Resistant Design, System Identification, Parametric Identification, Environmental Loadings, Ground Motion, Structures, Dynamic Behavior, Structural Response, Seismic Response, Wind Loadings, Ocean Loadings, Time Domain, Suspension Bridges, and Offshore Structures.

Abstract: Examined in this study are methods of identification for structural dynamic systems relevant to the linear and nonlinear behavior of structures subjected to such environmental loads as ground motion due to earthquakes, wind-generated pressure and wind-induced ocean wave forces. Emphasis is placed on those methods that can be used in on-line field experiment situations. These methods include the least squares, instrumental variable, maximum likelihood and a method utilizing the extended Kalman filter. In order to verify the validity of these methods, numerical simulation studies are carried out utilizing mathematical models of a suspension bridge, offshore tower and building structure. On the basis of such simulation studies, the efficiency of these methods are investigated under several conditions of observational noise.