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Seismic Fragility Analysis of Equipment and Structures in a Memphis Electric Substation

J-R.Huo, H.H.M.Hwang

NCEER-95-0014 | 8/10/1995 | 170 pages

About the Report:

TOC: The table of contents is provided.

Keywords: Seismic Fragility Analysis, Memphis, Tennessee, Central United States, New Madrid Seismic Zone, Electric Power Systems, Lifelines, Oil Circuit Breakers, Electric Substations, Electric Equipment, Porcelain, Switches, Transformers, Pothead Structures, Capacitors, Lightning Arrestors, Regulators, Seismic Hazard Assessment, and Ceramics.

Abstract: This report presents a seismic fragility analysis of equipment and structures in an electric substation (#21) in Memphis, Tennessee. The electric substation selected is located near several major hospitals in downtown Memphis, and consists of several major types of equipment and structures, such as 115/12 kV transformers, oil circuit breakers, and switch structures. The failure of equipment and structures is defined as the state at which a component fails to perform its function. The capacity corresponding to this damage state is then established. On the other hand, the seismic response of a component is determined by either a response spectral analysis or a static analysis. The uncertainties in seismic response and capacity are quantified to determine the probabilities of failure corresponding to various levels of ground shaking. The results are displayed as fragility curves. From the fragility analysis results, the seismic performance of equipment and structures in a substation can be revealed. For example, 115/12 kV transformers in Substation 21 are very vulnerable to earthquakes even with moderate magnitude. The fragility analysis results can also provide the necessary data for evaluating the seismic performance of the entire electric substation and for performing a reliability analysis of the electric transmission system.