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Photograph by Ian G. Buckle

Failure of the approach-fill behind north abutment of Tong-tou bridge


Section 1

Introduction

George C. Lee, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, University at Buffalo, State University of New York

 

Section 2

Geology and Tectonics of Taiwan

Chin-Hsiung Loh, National Center for Research in Earthquake Engineering, National Taiwan University and George C. Lee, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, University at Buffalo, State University of New York


2.1

Correlation of Earthquake Activity with Geologic Structure

2.2

Chi-Chi Earthquake

2.3 Surface Fault Rupture
2.4 Ground Motion Characteristics
2.5 References
 

Section 3

Geotechnical Issues: Restoration Strategies and Research Needs

Thomas D. O’Rourke and Jung-Feng Chang, Cornell University and Meei-Ling Lin, National Taiwan University


3.1

Landslides

3.1.1

Short-Term Recovery Needs

3.1.2

Research Needs

3.2

Surface Faulting

3.2.1

Short-Term Recovery Needs

3.2.2

Research Needs

3.3

Transient Ground Deformation

3.4

References

 

Section 4

Critical Facilities

Tsu T. Soong, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, George C. Yao, National Cheng Kung University and Chi-Chang Lin, National Chung-Hsing University


4.1

Hospitals

4.1.1

Christian Hospital, Puli

4.1.2

Veterans Hospital, Puli

4.1.3

Shiu-Tuan Hospital, Tsushan

4.1.4

Summary

4.2

Schools

4.3

Police and Fire Stations

4.4

Key Industrial Facilities

4.5

General Observations and Lessons Learned

4.5.1

Seismicity

4.5.2

Structural Damage

4.5.3

Nonstructural Damage

4.6

Research Needs and Recommendations

4.7

References

 

Section 5

Building Damage

Michel Bruneau, University at Buffalo, State University of New York and Keh-Chyuan Tsai, Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, College of Engineering, National Taiwan University


5.1

Building Characteristics and Building Codes

5.2

Structural Damage

5.2.1

Fault Displacements

5.2.2

Soft Stories

5.2.3

Strong-Beams/Weak Columns

5.2.4

Short Columns

5.2.5

Non-Ductile Detailing

5.2.6

Compatibility of Deformations

5.2.7

Impact of Infill Walls

5.2.8

Steel Structures

5.2.9

Other Issues (Nonstructural Damage, Unreinforced Masonry Buildings, Retrofit)

5.3

Recommendations for Short-term Recovery

5.4

Conclusion

5.5

Significance to North America

5.6

References

 

Section 6

Performance of Highway Bridges

Ian G. Buckle, University of Nevada at Reno, Kuo-Chun Chang, National Center for Research on Earthquake Engineering, National Taiwan University  and Jenn-Shin Hwang, National Taiwan Institute of Science and Technology


6.1

Observations

6.1.1 Tong-tou Bridge
6.1.2 Ming-tsu Bridge
6.1.3 Mao-luo-shi Bridge
6.1.4 Wu-shi Bridge
6.1.5 E-jian Bridge
6.1.6 Tong-fong Bridge
6.1.7 Shi-wei Bridge
6.1.8 Ji-lu Bridge
6.1.9 Bei-feng and Chang-gang Bridges

6.2

Lessons Learned

6.3

Recovery Progress

6.4 References
 

Section 7

Lifeline Damage: Electric Power Systems

Masanobu Shinozuka, University of Southern California, Gee-Yu Liu, National Center for Research in Earthquake Engineering and Chin-Hsiung Loh, National Center for Research in Earthquake Engineering, National Taiwan University


7.1

Overview of Damage to Electric Power Systems

7.2

Recommendations for Short-Term Recovery

7.3 References
 

Section 8

Applications of Remote Sensing

Masanobu Shinozuka, University of Southern California, George C. Lee, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, Zhe-Jung Chen, National Central University and Center for Space and Remote Sensing Research, and Chen-Lien Yen, Office of National Science and Technology Program for Hazard Mitigation


8.1

Recommendations for Short-Term Recovery

 

Section 9

Economic Impacts

Stephanie E. Chang, University of Washington


9.1

Damage Estimates

9.2

Regional Economic Impact

9.2.1

Economy of the Disaster Region

9.2.2

Losses to Agriculture

9.2.3

Losses to Tourism

9.2.4

Losses to Regional Industry and Commerce

9.3

Impact on National Economy

9.3.1

Electric Power Outage and High-Tech Industries

9.3.2

Effect on GDP, Employment and Other Macroeconomic Indicators

9.4

Reconstruction Finance

9.5

Observations

9.6

Recommendations

9.7

References

 

Section 10

Emergency Response and Short-Term Restoration

Paul J. Flores, EQE International


10.1

Emergency Response

10.1.1

Mobilization of Military Forces

10.1.2

Urban Search and Rescue

10.1.3

Mass Care and Shelter

10.1.4

Emergency Medical Care

10.1.5

Emergency Response Observations and Recommendations

10.2

Disaster Recovery and Reconstruction

10.2.1

Resettlement of Displaced Individuals and Families

10.2.2

Restoration of Public Facilities

10.2.3

Recovery and Reconstruction Observations and Recommendations

10.3

References

 

Section 11

Human and Institutional Perspectives of the Chi-Chi Earthquake

George C. Lee, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, University at Buffalo, State University of New York and Chin-Hsiung Loh, National Center for Research in Earthquake Engineering, National Taiwan University


11.1

The Public

11.2

The Government

11.3

Some Lessons Learned and Recommendations for Possible Actions

 

Section 12

Selected Bibliography


12.1

Reconnaissance Reports

12.2

Overviews

12.3 Studies on Previous Earthquakes
12.4 Codes/Zoning
12.5 Seismology/Geology/Geotechnical Issues
12.6 Lifelines/Bridges/Buildings
12.7 Mitigation/Social and Economic Issues
12.8 Web Sites/Links to Information
12.8.1 Preliminary Reports and Reconnaissance Reports
12.8.2 Seismology, Geology and Strong Ground Motion

 


Ordering Information


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You can proceed directly from this page into the ordering section of our online publications catalog. To do so, select the item(s) in which you are interested, then click the "Order Publications" button below. Your order will be taken online and the item(s) shipped to you. (To search our other publications, you can proceed directly to our catalog.)

  I would like to order The Chi-Chi, Taiwan Earthquake of September 21, 1999: Reconnaissance Report. Copies are $30.00 each.

 

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