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A Selection of Papers Chronicling Technical Achievements of the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research

Contents
Foreword

Pdficonsmall.gif (198 bytes)Please note: the papers below are available in Adobe Acrobat .pdf format only. To view them,  you'll need the Adobe Acrobat Reader.  If you don't already  have a copy of  the reader you can get it here.

 

Contents

Modeling Earthquake Impact on Urban Lifeline Systems: Advances and Integration (169kb)
by Stephanie E. Chang (Coordinating Author), Adam Rose,Masanobu Shinozuka, Walter D. Svekla and Kathleen J. Tierney

Development of Fragility Information for Structures and Nonstructural Componens (446kb)
by Masanobu Shinozuka, Mircea Grigoriu (Coordinating Author), Anthony R. Ingraffea, Sarah L. Billington, Peter Feenstra, Tsu T. Soong, Andrei M. Reinhorn and Emmanuel Maragakis

Damage to Critical Facilities Following the 921 Chi-Chi, Taiwan Earthquake (218kb)
by Tsu T. Soong (Coordinating Author), George C. Yao and C.C. Lin

Highway Bridge Seismic Design: Summary of FHWA/MCEER Project on Seismic Vulnerability of New Highway Construction (486kb)
by Ian M. Friedland

Ground Motion Prediction Methodologies for Eastern North America (141kb)
by Apostolos S. Papageorgiou

Fiber Reinforced Composites for Advanced Seismic Performance of Water Supplies  (216kb)
by Thomas D. O’Rourke (Principal Author), James A. Mason, Ilker Tutuncu and Timothy Bond

The Marmara, Turkey Earthquake: Using Advanced Technology to Conduct Earthquake Reconnaissance (336kb)
by Ronald T. Eguchi (Coordinating Author), Charles K. Huyck, Bijan Houshmand, Babak Mansouri, Masanobu Shinozuka, Fumio Yamazaki, Masashi Matsuoka and Suha Ülgen

Restoration Activities Following the Marmara, Turkey Earthquake of August 17, 1999 (184kb)
by Gary R. Webb

Human and Institutional Perspectives of the 921 Chi-Chi, Taiwan Earthquake (149kb)
by George C. Lee and Chin-Hsiung Loh

Education and Educational Outreach: Using the Center Approach for Effective Knowledge Transfer (165kb)
by Andrea S. Dargush and George C. Lee,
Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research

Graduate Professional Education in Earthquake Engineering: An Integrated Approach(127kb)
by Andrei M. Reinhorn, Shahid Ahmad and Ernest Sternberg

 

Foreword

by George C. Lee, Director,
Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research

The research accomplishments of the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research are as numerous as they are varied. Since the Center was established by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 1986, its vision has been to help establish earthquake resilient communities throughout the United States and abroad. Over the past 14 years, our research and education programs have annually supported more than 80 investigators throughout the country and the world, to work toward this goal. Much has been accomplished, most notably in the areas of lifelines and protective systems, but our vision has not yet been fully realized.

Toward this end, we believe that the best way to achieve earthquake resilient communities in the short-term is to invest in two highly focused system-integrated endeavors:

  • Rehabilitation of critical infrastructure facilities such as hospitals and lifelines that society will need and expect to be operational following an earthquake; and
  • Improvement of emergency response and crisis management capabilities to ensure efficient response and prompt recovery following earthquakes.

Our research is conducted under the sponsorship of two major federal agencies, the National Science Foundation (NSF) Earthquake Engineering Research Centers Program and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), and the state of New York. Significant support is also derived from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), other state governments, academic institutions, foreign governments and private industry. Together these resources are used to implement our research programs.

This Research Progress and Accomplishments report is intended to provide the reader with an understanding of our current research efforts. The papers highlight research tasks that are in progress or have recently concluded, and provide those in the earthquake engineering community with a glimpse of the foci and direction that our programs are taking. We anticipate that this information will contribute to the coordination and collaboration effort in earthquake engineering research nationally and globally. The presentation is in descriptive form with preliminary observations and recommendations, and an indication of future efforts is provided.

The year 1999 was marked by two devastating earthquakes in Turkey and Taiwan. MCEER reconnaissance teams visited both these areas, and several of the papers in this report describe their efforts to learn from these tragic events. A few papers describe research that has been completed, most notably the Federal Highway Administration-sponsored project on the seismic vulnerability of new highway construction, while others describe work in progress. The authors identify the sponsors of the research, collaborative partners, related research tasks within MCEER’s various programs, links to research and implementation efforts outside MCEER’s program, and web site addresses for additional information.

Although MCEER’s vision is to achieve earthquake resilient communities, it is the various professionals in earthquake hazard mitigation who will collectively join forces to create them. We can provide relevant tools to these professionals, who include practicing engineers, policy makers, regulators and code officials, facility and building owners, governmental entities, and other stakeholders who have responsibility for loss reduction decision making, and educate them on how to best use or apply these tools. Their decisions can encompass a range of actions, including the adoption of various new technologies, the retrofitting of structures using improved techniques and approaches, and response and recovery activities. This process, which moves from research through knowledge transfer, adoption, and implementation, is illustrated in the figure below.


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Each paper in this report highlights the end users of the presented research or educational effort.

If you would like more information on any of the studies presented herein, or on other MCEER research or educational activities, you are encouraged to contact us by telephone at (716) 645-3391, facsimile (716) 645-3399, or email at mceer@buffalo.edu.


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