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Research Progress and Accomplishments, 1997-1999 (5085kb)
Contents
Foreword

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Contents

A New Application for Remotely Sensed Data: Construction of Building Inventories using Synthetic Aperture Radar Technology (755kb.)
By R. T. Eguchi, EQE International Inc.; Bijan Houshmand, MCEER Consultant; Charles K. Huyck, EQE International, Inc.; Masanobu Shinozuka, University of Southern California; and David M. Tralli, MCEER Consultant

Improving Earthquake Loss Estimation: Review, Assessment and Extension of Loss Estimation Methodologies (802kb.)
By Kathleen J. Tierney, University of Delaware; Stephanie E. Chang and R. T. Eguchi, EQE International, Inc.; Adam Rose, Pennsylvania State University; and Masanobu Shinozuka, University of Southern California

Benchmark Models for Experimental Calibration of Seismic Fragility of Buildings (497kb.)
By Andrei M. Reinhorn, Michael C. Constantinou and Dyah Kusumastuti, University at Buffalo, State University of New York

Development of a Semi-Active (Variable Passive) Structural Control System
(543kb.)
By George C. Lee, Z. Liang and Mai Tong, University at Buffalo, State University of New York

GIS Characterization of the Los Angeles Water Supply, Earthquake Effects and Pipeline Damage
  (859kb.)
By Thomas D. O'Rourke, Selcuk Toprak and Sang-Soo Jeon, Cornell University

Axial Behavior Characteristics of Pipe Joints Under Static Loading (453kb.)
By Emmanuel Maragakis, Raj Siddharthan and Ronald Meis, University of Nevada, Reno

Seismic Performance Analysis of Electric Power Systems (553kb.)
By Masanobu Shinozuka and Tsen-Chung Cheng, University of Southern California; Maria Q. Feng, University of California, Irvine; and Sheng-Taur Mau, New Jersey Institute of Technology

National Representation of Seismic Hazard and Ground Motion for Highway Facilities (637kb.)
By Maurice Power and Shyh-Jeng Chiou, Geomatrix Consultants, Inc. and Ronald L. Mayes, Dynamic Isolation Systems, Inc. for the Applied Technology Council

Updating Assessment Procedures and Developing a Screening Guide for Liquefaction (425kb.)
By T. Leslie Youd, Brigham Young University

Fragility Curve Development for Assessing the Seismic Vulnerability of Highway Bridges (467kb.)
By Jonh B. Mander, University at Buffalo, State University of New York

Changes in the New AASHTO Guide Specifications for Seismic Isolation Design (379kb.)
By Michael. C. Constantinou, University at Buffalo, State University of New York

Seismic Retrofitting Manuals for Highway Systems (786kb.)
By Ian M. Friedland, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research and Ian G. Buckle, University of Auckland

 

Foreword

The research accomplishments of the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research are as numerous as they are varied. Since the Center was established by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 1986, its vision has been to help establish earthquake resilient communities throughout the United States and abroad. Over the past 13 years, our research and education programs have annually supported more than 80 investigators throughout the country and the world, to work toward this goal. Much has been accomplished, most notably in the areas of lifelines and protective systems, but our vision has not yet been fully realized.

Toward this end, we believe that the best way to achieve earthquake resilient communities in the short-term is to invest in two highly-focused system-integrated endeavors:

• the rehabilitation of critical infrastructure facilities such as hospitals and lifelines that society will need and expect to be operational following an earthquake; and

• the improvement of emergency response and crisis management capabilities to ensure efficient response and prompt recovery following earthquakes.

Our research is conducted under the sponsorship of two major federal agencies, the NSF and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), and the state of New York. Significant support is also derived from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), other state governments, academic institutions, foreign governments and private industry. Together these resources are used to implement our research programs, as shown below.

foreword.jpg (16316 bytes)

This Research Progress and Accomplishments report is intended to introduce the reader to and highlight some of MCEER’s research tasks that are currently in progress, and provide those in the earthquake engineering community with a glimpse of the foci and direction that our programs are taking. We anticipate that this information will contribute to the coordination and collaboration effort in earthquake engineering research nationally and globally. The presentation is in descriptive form with preliminary observations and recommendations, and provides an indication of future efforts.

The research studies represented in this report are in various stages of completion. A few papers describe efforts that have been completed and are now represented in codes, standards, and regional or national guidelines. Others describe work in progress.

Each paper, whether it be on developing loss estimation techniques, construction of a benchmark model for repetitive testing, or the vulnerability analysis of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power’s vast network, provides a snapshot of how MCEER accomplishes its multidisciplinary and team-oriented research. The authors identify the sponsors of the research, collaborative partners, related research tasks within MCEER’s various programs, and links to research and implementation efforts outside MCEER’s program.

MCEER works with all members of the earthquake engineering community, including practicing engineers and other design professionals, policymakers, regulators and code officials, facility and building owners, governmental entities, and other stakeholders who have responsibility for loss reduction decision making. The end users of the presented research are also highlighted within each paper, which we hope will enhance MCEER’s partnership programs with industry, government agencies and others.

This report is the first in what we anticipate will be an annual compilation of research progress and accomplishments. Future issues will include a brief overview of our strategic research plan to further enhance cooperative research efforts.

--George Lee, MCEER Director

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