Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research logo google logo
navigation bar

MCEER Earthquake Reconnaissance Investigation

Damage was concentrated in a relatively small area, of roughly 16km radius, around Bam - a tourist destination on the old Silk Road, famed for its 2,500-year old citadel Arg-e-Bam (Figure 2a). According to recent reports, the death toll has reached 41,000 (IFRC, 2004c), with a final expected figure closer to 45,000. The Government of Iran estimates that a further 45,000 people have been displaced from their homes (USAID, 2004), which may rise to 75,000 as residents staying elsewhere with friends and relatives, begin to return.


Photo of Citadel before the earthquake struck
Photo of citadel after the earthquake--much of it has been leveled
(a) (b)
Photo shows rubble and debris next to what looks like roads
image shows a person  sitting in front of a debris pile; in the background an intact satellite dish stands near a palm tree
(c) (d)
The image shows a large pile of debris with a car sticking out of the bottom
The photo shows a standing building with large cracks in the facade
(e) (f)

Click here for larger version

Figure 2 Photo mosaic of the Bam Citadel and surrounding urban districts. (a) The Citadel before the earthquake struck; (b) the Citadel after the December 26, 2003 earthquake; (c) residential city blocks razed by the earthquake; (d) mud-brick houses reduced to rubble; (e) sand-colored building debris smothered victims and crushed cars; (f) the 10% of structures still standing recorded 40-60% structural damage. (Photographs courtesy of


Next page: Post-earthquake Urban Damage Detection|1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

  Contact Us  |  Acknowledgements   |  Disclaimer  |  Copyright© 2007 by the Research Foundation of the State of New York. All rights reserved.