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Preliminary VIEWS™ Deployment: September 6-11, 2005

VIEWS™ (Visualizing Impacts of Earthquake With Satellites) is a notebook-based system developed by ImageCat Inc. through funding from MCEER. The VIEWS™ system integrates satellite imagery with real-time GPS (Global Positioning System) readings and map layers, and operates in conjunction with a digital camera and digital video recorder, to record damage following a disaster.

General area of deployment

 

Waveland, Bay St. Louis and Gulfport, Mississippi

Figure 1 shows the route surveyed by the team using the VIEWS™ software on the first day, September 7, 2005. This includes areas in Waveland and Bay Saint Louis. Figure 2 shows the route surveyed by the team later on the first day, which includes areas in Gulfport. The routes shown below are a series of GPS points overlaid on a USGS landsat mosaic.

deployment route

Figure 1. VIEWS™ deployment route-Day 1, 7-Sep05 in Waveland and Bay St. Louis 

deployment route

Figure 2. VIEWS™ deployment route- Day 1, 7-Sep05 in Gulfport

A major bridge along highway 90 in Bay St. Louis lost all spans of the deck, leaving only piers (see Figure 3). Homes in the coastal areas of Gulfport and Bay St. Louis suffered extreme damage and in many cases were swept from their foundations (see Figure 4).

aerial bridge and close up

Figure 3. High resolution aerial imagery showing collapsed bridge on Highway 90 in Bay St. Louis.

Photo Credit: NOAA

house swept away by surge

Figure 4. Storm surge damage to homes in Bay St. Louis

 

With debris piled in the streets, the area also lost many of its offshore casinos, which were located hundreds of feet inland; some even north of Highway 90. Figure 5 shows a floating casino barge that was pushed inland.

Both Bay St. Louis and Gulfport showed evidence of a storm surge of approximately 20 ft or more.

aerial map and close up building

Figure 5. High resolution aerial imagery showing damage in Gulfport.

Photo Credit: NOAA

 

Biloxi, Mississippi

Figure 6 shows the VIEWS™ deployment route on the second day, which included Biloxi, MS. Biloxi experienced wind damage to the cladding of high-rise buildings (see Figure 7). A few casinos on barges were washed ashore, and all spans of a bridge on Highway 90 collapsed.

satellite map

Figure 6. VIEWS™ deployment route- Day 2,
8-Sep05 in Biloxi 

damaged hotel

Figure 7. Wind damage to cladding

 

 

Ocean Springs, Gautier and Pascagoula, Mississippi

Figure 8 below shows the route surveyed by the team using the VIEWS™ software on the third day (September 9, 2005). This includes areas in Pascagoula, Gautier and Ocean Springs. The route shown below is a series of GPS points overlaid on a USGS landsat mosaic.

Figure 8. VIEWS™ deployment route- Day 3, 9-Sep05 in Pascagoula, Gautier and Ocean Springs

Three cities were surveyed: Pascagoula, Gautier, and Ocean Springs. In Pascagoula, many homes along the beach were swept off their foundations by the storm surge, while other homes lost most of their ground floors to the storm surge. Remnants of these homes were found as far as two blocks inland. Although the storm surge damage was extensive, these houses sustained only minor wind damage to their roofs.

Homes along the gulf in Ocean Springs and Gautier also were swept from their foundations or showed evidence of the storm surge washing through their ground floors. The storm surge damage in Ocean Springs, Gautier, and Pascagoula was primarily confined to the first floor of the homes.

Figure 9. High resolution aerial imagery showing storm surge damaged houses along the coast of Pascagoula, Mississippi.

Photo Credit: NOAA

Image 1

Image 2

 

Figure 10. High resolution aerial imagery showing storm surge damaged houses near the coast of Pascagoula, Mississippi.

Photo Credit: NOAA

Image 3

 

Submitted by Shubharoop Ghosh and J. Arn Womble
September 10, 2005

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