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Seismic response of bridge pier on rigid caisson foundation in soil stratum

C. Tsigginos1, N. Gerolymos2, D. Assimaki3 and G. Gazetas2

  1. National Technical University of Athens, Greece
  2. Civil Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Greece
  3. Civil Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA

Abstract: An analytical method to study the seismic response of a bridge pier supported on a rigid caisson foundation embedded in a deep soil stratum underlain by a homogeneous half space is developed. The method reproduces the kinematic and inertial responses, using translational and rotational distributed Winkler springs and dashpots to simulate the soil-caisson interaction. Closed-form solutions are given in the frequency domain for vertical harmonic S-wave excitation. Comparison with results from finite element (FE) analysis and other available solutions demonstrates the reliability of the model. Results from parametric studies are given for the kinematic and inertial responses. The modification of the fundamental period and damping ratio of the bridge due to soil-structure interaction is graphically illustrated.

Keywords: caisson; embedded foundations; kinematic response; inertial response; Winkler model; effective period; effective damping

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Copyright© 2009 IEM. Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as described below, without written permission from the Publisher. Copying of articles is not permitted except for personal and internal use, to the extent permitted by national copyright law, or under the terms of a license issued by the National Reproduction Rights Organization of China.