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Spectral and fragility evaluations of retrofitted structures through strength reduction and enhanced damping

Gian Paolo Cimellaro1, Hwasung Roh2 and Alessandro De Stefano1

  1. Department of Structural & Geotechnical Engineering (DISTR), Polytechnic of Turin, Turin, Italy
  2. Department of Civil, Structural & Environmental Engineering, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, USA

Abstract: A retrofit procedure for existing buildings called the “weakening and damping technique” (WeD) is presented in this paper. Weakening of structures can limit the maximum response accelerations during severe ground motions, but leads to an increase in the displacements or inter-story drifts. Added damping by using viscous dampers, on the other hand, reduces the inter-story drifts and has no significant effect on total accelerations, when structures behave inelastically. The weakening and damping technique addresses the two main causes for both structural and nonstructural damage in structures. The weakening retrofit is particularly suitable for structures that have overstressed components and weak brittle components. In this paper, the advantages of the WeD are verified by nonlinear dynamic analysis and simplified spectral approach that has been modified to fit structures with additional damping devices. A hospital structure located in the San Fernando Valley in California is selected as a case study. The results from both analyses show that the retrofit solution is feasible to reduce both structural acceleration and displacement. A sensitivity analysis is also carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of the retrofitting method using different combinations of performance thresholds in accelerations and displacements through fragility analysis.

Keywords: weakening; damping; retrofit; inelastic spectral response; fragility analysis; nonlinear dynamic analysis

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Copyright© 2009 IEM. Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as described below, without written permission from the Publisher. Copying of articles is not permitted except for personal and internal use, to the extent permitted by national copyright law, or under the terms of a license issued by the National Reproduction Rights Organization of China.