is the traditional role of the earthquake engineer. Many advances in research have
facilitated our mitigation efforts.
We have incorporated new materials such as fiberglass and rubber in
place of porcelain for insulators.
We have further developed the use of passive energy adsorption
systems. We have modified codes
and standards to do more full scale testing to qualify electrical equipment
for seismic performance.
exist to improve our understanding of which mitigation measures offer
efficient solutions and which are not very cost effective.
better data bases of what performs well and what does not.
codes and standards need to be changed to include some of the new items such
as base isolation of electrical equipment and soil structure interaction.
or patches have been developed for equipment that need to be evaluated for
performance and cost effectiveness.
grants are developed based on cost effectiveness. Opportunities exist to better
determine if a mitigation measure is cost effective.